Cyclosporine vs Tacrolimus
Tacrolimus and cyclosporine are the two most popular immunosuppressants in the modern world.
As one of the leading manufacturers and suppliers of Cyclosporine and tacrolimus in China, we have been asked by many customers about the differences between the two APIs.
Therefore, we decide to write an article to list their similarities and differences in detail so any customers interested in this knowledge can check it out.
Both cyclosporine and tacrolimus are immunosuppressive medications used to prevent organ transplant rejection and treat certain autoimmune and inflammatory disorders.
They both work by inhibiting the activity of certain immune cells and reducing inflammation, but they differ in some key ways.
In terms of their uses, cyclosporine, and tacrolimus are both used to prevent organ transplant rejection and to treat certain autoimmune and inflammatory disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, and Crohn’s disease.
However, tacrolimus is more commonly used to treat skin conditions, such as atopic dermatitis and poison ivy, while cyclosporine is more commonly used to treat kidney transplant rejection and certain types of lymphoma.
Cyclosporine was discovered in 1971 and approved as an immunosuppressant drug for organ transplant rejection.
Tacrolimus was not discovered till the 1980s and was not approved as a drug for transplant rejections until 1989.
One of the main differences between cyclosporine and tacrolimus is the way they are metabolized in the body.
Studies conducted by Nephrology Department, Hospital de Santo António, Porto, Portugal have shown that tacrolimus is less nephrotoxic.
Cyclosporine is metabolized in the liver and is primarily excreted through the kidneys, while tacrolimus is metabolized in the liver and small intestine and is primarily excreted through the feces.
This can affect the way these medications are dosed and monitored in patients.
That’s why tacrolimus showed easier blood pressure control but a higher chance of causing diabetes.
Studies have shown that tacrolimus is superior in survival, graft loss, acute rejection, and steroid-resistant rejection in the first year.
Tacrolimus is the most popular for maintenance immunosuppression after liver transplantation.
#4. Side Effects
Another difference between cyclosporine and tacrolimus is their side effect profiles.
Both medications can cause serious side effects, including an increased risk of infection and cancer, but they can also cause different specific side effects.
Cyclosporine can cause kidney damage, high blood pressure, and tremors, while tacrolimus can cause nerve damage, tremors, and skin discoloration.
#5. Raw material cost
For both those pharm-grade APIs approved by Chinese SFDA, the tacrolimus price is much higher.
The tacrolimus price of 100G is about 130usd/g, while the cyclosporine price is about 2500~3000usd/kg.
One is sold by the GRAM, one is sold by KG. Tacrolimus is just more expensive in terms of unit price.
In conclusion, they differ in the way they are metabolized in the body and their specific side effect profiles, and they are used for different specific indications.
It is important to use these medications as directed by a healthcare provider and to be aware of the potential risks and side effects.
Any customers who are interested in getting the latest price update on cyclosporine and tacrolimus please leave a comment below or contact us directly by email.